a. fire extinguisher
b. first aid kit
c. telephone and emergency numbers : Make sure that you have handy emergency phone numbers to call for assistance if necessary. The number for emergencies is 511. (No need to dial 8 for this number). If any safety questions arise, consult the lab instructor or staff for guidance and instructions.
Observing proper safety precautions is important when working in the
laboratory to prevent harm to yourself or others. The most
common hazard is the electric shock which can be fatal if one is not careful.
Excellent reference is at http://web.princeton.edu/sites/ehs/labsafetymanual/sec7g.htm
B. Equipment grounding
-Do not work alone while working with high voltages or if you are using electrically operated machinary like a drill.
-Never leave high voltages on when you are not present.
-Keep one hand in your pocket when probing high voltage circuits or discharging capacitors.
-Make sure all high voltage connections are adequately taped or otherwise insulated to prevent accidental contact by you or neighboring students.
-After switching power off, discharge any capacitors that were in the circuit. Do not trust supposedly discharged capacitors. Certain types of capacitors can build up a residual charge after being discharged. Use a shorting bar across the capacitor, and keep it connected until ready for use.
-If you use electrolytic capacitors, do not
-Take extreme care using tools that can cause short circuits if accidental contact is made to other circuit elements. Only tools with insulated handles should be used.
-If a person comes in contact with a high voltage, immediately shut off power. Do not attempt to remove a person in contact with a high voltage unless you are insulated from them.
-In the event of an electrical fire do not use water. The lab fire extinguishers are specifically charged for electrical fires. Vacate the lab and close the door. Do not breath toxic smoke or fumes. Ring the fire alarm, if one is available.
-Check wire current carrying capacity if you will be using high currents. The lab power wiring can only handle 15 Amperes continuously.
-Make sure your leads are rated to withstand the voltages you are using. This includes instrument leads. Common wire insulation is rated for 600 Volts.
-Avoid simultaneous touching of any metal chassis used as an enclosure for your circuits and any pipes in the laboratory that may make contact with the earth, such as a water pipe. Use a floating voltmeter to measure the voltage from ground to the chassis to see if a hazardous potential difference exists.
-Make sure that the lab instruments are at ground potential by using the ground terminal supplied on the instrument.